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Deserts are often viewed as desolate and devoid of life. But author James Parry proves otherwise in his new book "The Desert" (Carlton Books). Parry showcases fascinating creatures and plant life that thrive in the heat. View more photos from "The Desert" in this slideshow.
沙漠通常被视作生命的禁区。但是作者James Parry 在他的新书《沙漠》中展现了另外的一面。Parry展示了繁荣生长在这一炎热地带的迷人动植物。下面请看选自《沙漠》的精彩图片。
A seemingly unlikely sight as it crosses a salt pan, this Flap-necked Chameleon (Chamaeleo dilepis) is probably searching for new feeding grounds or possibly a mate. Progress across open ground is slow and fraught with danger as predators are on the lookout for easy pickings.
Few large mammals relish life on the open dunes, but the Gemsbok is in its element there. They are largely nomadic and whilst groups of up to 200 have been recorded, the average herd size is more like 14. Like other species or oryx, Gemsbok hardly ever need to drink, deriving adequate moisture from their food.
With outsized ears, the Black-tailed Jackrabbit is very distinctive. In addition to ensuring an extremely good sense of hearing, large ears also act as a cooling system. Heated blood circulates through the thin ear tissue and cools as it does so.
The Woma is a distinctively marked snake and one that thrives in a desert environment. The term "woma" or "wama" means snake or python in one of the Aboriginal languages. Like other pythons, this species lays eggs rather than giving birth to live young.
Thorny Devils can live for up to 20 years and feed exclusively on ants. Mating takes place after an elaborate courtship ritual and the female later lays her eggs in an underground chamber, from which the young devils emerge, unattended, a few weeks later.
Research is revealing that Coyotes are more sociable than previously thought, with pair loyalty around which small family groups are maintained. However, Coyotes appear to hunt primarily on their own, unlike Wolves which almost always hunt collectively.
Blackbuck have an iconic status in India, and often feature in art and literature. Animals of the open plains, they are always alert and on the lookout for danger. When alarmed, they often leap into the air, a behavior known as "pronking."
Rarely seen on the wing, the Great Indian Bustard is an impressive sight. Conservation measures are helping to ensure its survival in the Thar, but egg and chick losses are a serious problem in areas where livestock densities and levels of disturbance are high.
The village of Khichan in Rajasthan is famous for thousands of Demoiselle Cranes that arrive for the winter months. They are fed by villagers, who admire them for their pair fidelity and mainly vegetarian habits. Special enclosures have been built to feed the birds, which increase in number each year. The site has become a tourist attraction, and the commitment expressed by the community to these wild birds makes it an unusual and rewarding place to visit.
Gunnison Island in the Great Salt Lake has an important colony of American White Pelicans, with several thousand nesting here each spring. Pelicans are very sensitive to disturbance and whole colonies will abandon their eggs and young if disrupted.
Located at the northern end of the Chihuahuan Desert, the White Sands National Monument is the largest gypsum dune field in the world. The dunes are very active, with some moving more than 9 metres (30 feet) in a year.
The deserts of the Americas are the perfect cactus habitat, with a wide variety of species that often grow very densely. Impenetrable thickets of cactus are widespread and provide important shelter for many small mammals and invertebrates, as well as a breeding habitat for birds.
Distinctive they may be, but Joshua Trees have not always been popular. John C Fremont traveled through parts of the Mojave in 1844 and wrote how "their stiff and ungraceful form makes them to the traveler the most repulsive tree in the vegetable kingdom."
短叶丝兰非常的与众不同，但是他们不总是受欢迎。John C Fremont 在1844年旅行时穿过部分莫哈韦沙漠并且写到"它们僵硬丑陋的形状是他们被游客认为是植物界里最令人反感的树"
Owens Valley in California lies on the western edge of the Great Basin. The sagebrush habitat is typical of this area, and home to mammals such as Pronghorn Antelope, jackrabbits, cottontails and smaller creatures such as ground squirrels.
All images courtesy of "The Desert" by James Parry (Carlton Books). 所有图片有James Parry 的《沙漠》提供。