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via 译言-自然科学与技术 by 林晓彬 on 12/30/10

来源8 Countries That Are Sinking

8 Countries That Are Sinking


There are more countries at risk of being erased than just the Maldives.

We've all heard about the possibility that the Maldives could go underwater because of rising seas caused by climate change. But there are other nations facing the same risk.

Not that going underwater is the only form of danger: climate change is finding vulnerabilities in countries from Mexico to Russia, droughts in already-arid countries will grow worse, and the number of climate refugees worldwide is growing steadily.

Rainforests are threatened, disease is exacerbated, and hardest hit are poor populations and women around the world.

But, it's still probably fair to say that the greatest threat from climate change faces small island nations that could be washed underwater with just a slight rise in sea levels. Here's a look at a few of those nations.






但是, 也许可以很直接的说,气候变化对小岛国造成的最大的威胁是,海平面稍许的上升将会吞没整个岛国。下面让我们来看看这些国家中的几个:


20 million people are expected to be displaced because of rising seas caused by climate change.



Papua New Guinea

TreeHugger wrote last May: "The Carteret Islanders of Papua New Guinea have become the world's first entire community to be displaced by climate change." Papua New Guinea shares an island with Indonesia, another nation threatened by climate change.< o< span>




The Philippines

The water is already rising in the Philippines, not only threatening homes of people who live near the coast, but flooding rice fields and devastating other areas of agricultural production. The ILO quotes the mayor of Jabonga, a resort town in a southern Philippine province: "Before only 20 per cent of water from the lake and seaside overflow to the community, now it has increased to about 80 per cent. It has affected farm production for rice, corn, vegetables and fruit trees."


  水位线在菲律宾已经有所上升,不仅威胁着海岸附近的居民的房屋,而且洪水淹没了稻田,破坏了其他地区的农业生产。国际劳工组织引用了这位菲律宾南部一个度假胜地的市长——Jabonga的一句话:之前只有百分之二十的湖水和海水灌入我们市,现在已增加到大约80%以上。受到影响的农业生产波及水稻、玉米、蔬菜、果树。"< o< span>


It's not just faraway islands that Americans had never heard of before climate change started being talked about. Host of the Barbados Conference that focused on this issue back in 1994, Barbados is another of the small island nations at risk. According to UNESCO: "With populations, agricultural lands and infrastructures tending to be concentrated in the coastal zone, any rise in sea-level will have significant and profound effects on settlements, living conditions and island economies. The very survival of certain low-lying countries is threatened."





The highest point of land on the Pacific island nation of Kiribati "is now just two yards (meters) above sea level, said [President Anote] Tong," the Gstaad Project blog writes based on AP and IHT reports. "He said climate change "is not an issue of economic development; it's an issue of human survival. Some of Kiribati's 94,000 people living in shoreline village communities have already been relocated from century-old sites."


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From a paper by the OECD [PDF]: "In addition to this high biophysical exposure to the risk of sea level rise, Egypt's social sensitivity to sea level rise is particularly high. As discussed earlier in this section much of Egypt's infrastructure and development is along the low coastal lands, and the fertile Nile delta also constitutes the prime agricultural land in Egypt."




TreeHugger has already reported on Tuvalu's plea for help: "Home to some 10,000 people, the group of atolls and reefs is barely two meters above sea level. A 1989 U.N. report predicted that, at the current rate the ocean is rising, Tuvalu could vanish in the next 30 to 50 years."




And, of course, the one we all know, thanks to last year's underwater cabinet meeting held by Maldives president Mohamed Nasheed to bring attention to this issue.











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